Description: Marcus Jones reports on Congressional debate over a bill that would impose sanctions on the apartheid regime in South Africa. Jones notes that Ronald Reagan is opposed to sanctions, but did impose a limited one-year trade embargo on South Africa last September. Jones' report includes footage of Reagan giving a speech. Jones reports that Reagan and his supporters believe that sanctions would hurt black South Africans more than they would help them. Jones adds that supporters of sanctions call Reagan's position hypocritical and illogical. Jones' report is accompanied by footage of the members of US Congress addressing the legislature about the sanctions issue. The congressmen include Stephen Solarz, Silvio Conte, Dan Burton, Edward Kennedy, and Bob Dole. George Bush is shown presiding over the US Senate. Jones reports that anti-apartheid leaders believe that the US must set an example for other nations by imposing sanctions on the South African government. Jones' report is accompanied by footage of laborers in South Africa and by footage of black South Africans. This tape contains additional footage of Prince Andrew of Great Britain and Sarah Ferguson (Andrew's fiance). This edition of the Ten O'Clock News also included the following item: David Boeri reports on drug activity in the Grove Hall area of Roxbury
0:59:59: Visual: Footage of Stephen Solarz (US Representative from New York) speaking to legislators on June 18, 1986. Solarz says that sanctions are a form of "political shock therapy." Solarz says that it is better to deliver a stronger shock than a weaker one. Marcus Jones reports that Ronald Reagan (US President) gave a speech today; that Reagan's speech was supposed to quiet Congressional debate over sanctions against South Africa. Jones reports that Reagan's speech did little to quiet the debate. Jones notes that the Senate is debating a bill which would divest US business interests in South Africa; that the bill would ban US companies from trading with, investing in, or opening subsidiaries in South Africa. V: Shots of Reagan giving a speech; of the audience listening to Reagan. Shots of the Senate chambers; of Bob Dole (US Senator) speaking on the floor of the Senate chambers. Shot of George Bush (US Vice-President) presiding over the Senate. Bush confers with an official as he sits in his seat. Footage of Silvio Conte (US Representative from Massachusetts) addressing legislators. Conte says that the US should not be timid; that the US needs to provoke the South African government to act before civil war erupts. Footage of Dan Burton (US Representative from Indiana) addressing legislators. Burton says that legislators should give Reagan's measures time to work before enacting sanctions. Shot of Reagan speaking. Jones reports that Reagan tried in vain to cut off debate about sanctions last September; that Reagan issued a five-point executive order. Jones notes that Reagan's order included a limited one-year trade embargo on South Africa. Jones reports that critics believe that the executive order has failed to promote change in South Africa. Jones notes that US anti-apartheid leaders said that Reagan's position on South Africa is inadequate, hypocritical, and illogical. V: Shot of a US Congressman addressing legislators on June 18, 1986. Jones reports that Reagan's position states that US sanctions would hurt black South Africans more than they would help them. Jones reports that critics note that Reagan supported sanctions against the governments of Poland and Nicaragua. Jones reports that Reagan's policy states that the US would be put at a strategic disadvantage if the import of certain minerals from South Africa was outlawed. Jones notes that the current Congressional bill would allow exceptions for minerals imported for the military. V: Shots of an industrial plant in South Africa; of two black South African men walking in a commercial district in South Africa. Shots of Reagan giving a speech. Shot of Bush presiding over the Senate chambers. Shot of Edward Kennedy (US Senator) addressing members of the Senate. Jones reports that Reagan's critics acknowledge that strong sanctions will not remedy the situation in South Africa. Jones notes that there are only a few hundred US firms operating in South Africa; that US firms employ less than 1% of the South African work force. Jones reports that anti-apartheid leaders believe that change will come to South African only if other nations follow the example of the US in imposing sanctions. V: Shots of traders on the floor of a stock exchange; of a black South African miner. Shot of a sign on a building. The sign reads "Mine Labour Organisations" Shot of black South African women waiting at the Mine Labour Organisation building. Shot of black South African men carrying a coffin in a funeral procession. Shot of a black fist raised in the air.
Collection: Ten O'Clock News
Date Created: 07/22/1986
Description: Meg Vaillancourt reports that Robert Mugabe (Prime Minister of Zimbabwe) was awarded an honorary degree from the University of Massachusetts at Amherst. Vaillancourt's report includes footage of Mugabe receiving his doctoral hood from Maki Mandela (daughter of Nelson Mandela) and footage from Mugabe's speech and press conference. Vaillancourt reports that Mugabe spoke out against apartheid in South Africa and advocated sanctions against the South African government. Vaillancourt reviews Mugabe's career. Comments on President Reagan's political actions concerning Apartheid. Vaillancourt's report includes footage of Mugabe in Zimbabwe.
1:00:06: Visual: Footage of Robert Mugabe (Prime Minister of Zimbabwe) speaking at the commencement ceremonies at University of Massachusetts in Amherst. Mugabe applauds the US Congress for considering sanctions against South Africa. Meg Vaillancourt says that Mugabe talked about sanctions against South Africa in his speech at UMass Amherst; that Mugabe was honored by the university for "his efforts to establish racial harmony between blacks and whites." Vaillancourt notes that Mugabe was presented with an honorary doctorate of laws. V: Shot of Mugabe receiving his doctoral hood from Maki Mandela (daughter of Nelson Mandela). Vaillancourt reports that Mugabe became Zimbabwe's first prime minister in 1980; that Zimbabwe had been known as Rhodesia under colonial rule. V: Shots of Mugabe and his cabinet in 1980; of white colonial rulers before 1980; of a newspaper headline reading, "Black Hitler." Vaillancourt reports that Mugabe was a fierce opponent of apartheid in neighboring South Africa; that Mugabe had spent ten years in prison before emerging as the leader of the Zimbabwean struggle for independence. V: Shots of Mugabe in the Zimbabwean Parliament; of Mugabe being led away by two police officers; of Mugabe entering a military garrison. Vaillancourt notes that Mugabe is a strong supporter of black South African leaders. V: Footage of Mugabe at a press conference. Mugabe says that he advocates using all legitimate means to overthrow apartheid; that he advocates armed struggle against South Africa. Mugabe says that he can understand the desire to fight apartheid using non-violent means. Mugabe encourages the use of "maximum non-violence" through sanctions and political pressure. Shot of the press at the press conference. Vaillancourt says that Mugabe dismissed concerns that sanctions would hurt South African blacks. V: Footage of Mugabe saying that black South Africans are already suffering and dying under apartheid; that black South Africans are prepared to suffer under sanctions because they will yield a positive result. Vaillancourt says that Mugabe was questioned about his leadership of Zimbabwe; that there have been accusations of human rights violations in Zimbabwe under Mugabe. V: Shots of Mugabe in a government building; of Zimbabwean troops uncovering an arms cache. Vaillancourt reports that Mugabe says that he has detained those who have tried to overthrow his government. V: Footage of Mugabe at the commencement ceremony. Mugabe says that the struggle for human rights is a universal struggle. Vaillancourt stands on the campus of UMass Amherst. Vaillancourt says that Ronald Reagan (US President) is trying to win enough votes in the US Congress to sustain his veto of sanctions against South Africa. Vaillancourt notes that Reagan is promising an African American ambassador to South Africa as part of his weaker sanctions package; that Reagan is expressing concern over a disruption of summit talks if sanctions are approved by Congress. Vaillancourt adds that Mugabe said that the time for compromise in South Africa is over.
Collection: Ten O'Clock News
Date Created: 10/01/1986
Description: David Boeri reports that Jesse Jackson spoke at the Massachusetts State House about the importance of access to higher education. Boeri notes that some students cannot afford higher education because of the increasing costs of higher education and federal cuts in student aid. Many supporters turned out to listen to Jackson. Jackson talks to the audience about the importance of education. Jackson addresses the media after his speech.
1:00:10: Visual: Footage of Kevin Sheehan (State Student Association of Massachusetts) talking about college students who must work forty hours per week on top of taking classes. Footage of Mike Ferrigno (State Student Association of Massachusetts) addressing a crowd at the State House about the debt incurred by many students in college. David Boeri reports that many low- and middle-income college students are incurring heavy debt in colleges; that some students can not afford to go to college. V: Shot of students walking on a campus. Boeri reports that speakers at a State House rally attacked federal cuts in federal aid to students. Boeri notes that the cuts come at a time when tuition and the cost of living are increasing; that grants are less easy to obtain. V: Shot of speakers and the audience inside the State House. Footage of Jesse Jackson (African American political leader) speaking about the importance of access to education. Boeri reports that Jackson said that universities have let the enrollment numbers fall for African American, minority, and low-income students. V: Shots of the members of the audience, including Mel King (community activist), Bill Owens (former state senator) and Shirley Owens Hicks (state representative). Footage of Jackson urging students to protest cuts in student aid. Jackson condemns the priorities of Ronald Reagan (US President). Jackson says that Reagan is "embarking on a trillion dollar misadventure in space." Jackson tells students that they need to stay sober, fight the Star Wars program and to "vote with Red Sox fever." The audience applauds as members rise to their feet. Footage of Jackson speaking to the media after his speech. Jackson uses the parable of Jesus Christ to illustrate society's obligation to cater to the needs of the poor and needy. Jackson says that many children are "locked out and living in the manger." Bruce Bolling (Boston City Council) is visible behind Jackson. Boeri reports that the State Student Association has registered over 5,000 new student voters; that the students will vote for more affordable education in November.
Collection: Ten O'Clock News
Date Created: 10/17/1986